In April 2014 Metsä Group presented on their plans to build a new bio-product mill in Äänekoski in Central Finland. Fortum’s pyrolysis plant are already producing pyrolysis oil since November 2013, Stora Enso and UPM are also renewing their production units in Varkaus and Kymi and UPM’s, the world first bio refinery producing wood-based biodiesel construction are on-going and is estimated to be ready this summer. Metsä Group investment plans in Äänekoski are the biggest in history of Finland’s forest industry.
Some medium size and smaller projects are ongoing all over Finland. Many energy producers are considering replacing fossil fuels and peat by forest energy in their energy production. These investments will effect to the use of wood energy and all are following Finland’s new bio-economy strategy.
Finland’s first national bio-economy strategy was unveiled at the beginning of May 2014. It is a step towards a more sustainable economy and the attainment of a low-carbon society. The forest industry has an important role in the bio-economy, as the industry’s entire operations are based on products manufactured from renewable and recyclable natural resources. At the moment, the forest industry already produces about two thirds of Finland’s renewable energy. More about the new strategy can be found from:
These investments create new jobs for each step in the supply chain and support the local economy with the help of using renewable resources. Finland’s goal for 2020 is to use 13.5 Million solid cubic meter of forest energy and to increase the consumption of renewable energy to 38% by 2020. At the momentEU statistics show that 34.3% of Finnish energy currently comes from renewable sources. The situation in other NPP countries can be found from figure 1.
Figure 1. Use of Renewables in NPP countries.
* Including England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales,
** Situation 2011, renewable share of primary energy consumption,
*** Faroe Island production of electricity coming from renewable energy sources,
**** Information missing,
Data sources: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_PUBLIC/8-10032014-AP/EN/8-10032014-AP-EN.PDF, http://www.nea.is/the-national-energy-authority/energy-statistics/ and http://www.faroeislands.fo/Default.aspx?ID=13440